Here you’ll find articles on traditional and not-so-traditional approaches to investing — primarily in individual stocks, exchange-traded funds, mutual funds, and bonds. Along with my breakdown and scrutiny of general strategies are first-hand experiences in implementing these approaches. Specific topics include building an investment portfolio and possible ways to determine whether a stock is bargain priced. Information and insights in the Investing category can help you develop a framework for making investment decisions.

Convertible Bonds: Understanding How They Work

In Chapter 16 of The Intelligent Investor, Benjamin Graham explores the world of convertible issues, namely convertible bonds and convertible preferred stocks. He also discusses stock-option warrants.

This article is part of a series on Understanding The Intelligent Investor. It continues from the Chapter 15 review on beating the stock market with proven strategies by Joseph Hogue, CFA at My Stock Market Basics.

One of the most important lessons in this chapter is the idea that Wall Street often spins the value of products to favor the commissioned-based seller and issuing company. Instead of relying on advisers or sellers to identify an attractive product, the discerning investor could do well to fully understand both the advantages and disadvantages of investment products.

Let’s delve into convertibles and discover what Graham thinks of them.

What to Do with Company Stock

Accumulating company stock has been a good way for my family to build wealth. I’ve heard others say they’ve been able to generate income by buying shares at a discounted price and then selling shares at a higher price. In this way, they may have more money available to pay off debt or invest, increasing their net worth.

I won’t argue in favor of or against the inclusion of company stock in an investment portfolio. But we’ve decided not to hold company stock forever. Here are a few things we’ve done with the shares:

How to Create a Stress-Free Investing Strategy

(Guest post by Joseph Hogue, CFA): The idea of stress-free investing for the individual investor is one of the best themes in The Intelligent Investor. Unfortunately, sometimes it’s a little vague on how you can apply the concepts and create your own portfolio. For that, I use one of my favorite investing tools to create a simple portfolio and save money investing.

Why 401(k) Default Options May Not Be Enough

I’ve been reading Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioral Economics by Richard H. Thaler. A point of interest is the discussion of automatic enrollment in 401k plans. Automatic enrollment may get employees started saving for retirement. But 401k default options associated with this type of sign-up (such as an investment choice of a money market fund and a savings rate of 3%) may be unlikely to help employees achieve the outcomes needed for a comfortable retirement.

According to Thaler, “Both of these default choices — the money market investment option and the 3% savings rate — were not intended by the employer to be either suggestions or advice. Instead, these options were picked to minimize the chance that the company would be sued.”

So, what’s the story about these default options?